Neurocove Behavioral Health, LLC

 Specialists in psychological assessment, therapy, and counseling for 

anxiety, depression, and trauma throughout Florida. 

Attention Deficit / Hyperactive Disorder

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What is Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)?

ADHD (also known as ADD) stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is a common childhood disorder affecting millions of adults and children throughout the United States. People with ADHD may have trouble focusing and sitting still; they also tend to act without thinking or act impulsively. These issues may interfere with home life, school functioning, and social relationships. Approximately 50% of those with ADHD experience symptoms into adulthood. ADHD is treatable, and objective assessments are important to ensure an accurate diagnosis.

While many people have occasional trouble sitting still, paying attention, and behaving, those with ADHD experience symptoms and behaviors of the condition over a long period of time, and usually, the symptoms are present in at least two different settings, such as home and school.
Most importantly, the behaviors are developmentally inappropriate for the child’s age and create a negative impact on the child’s ability to function academically, socially, and within the family.


While diagnosing ADHD falls within the scope of pediatricians, physicians, and counselors, only licensed psychologists can conduct a standardized psychological assessment to identify the specific cognitive hallmarks of ADHD. Specifically, executive functioning, attention, and short term memory. 

Symptoms of ADHD to watch for include:

  • Frequent difficulty paying close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities. Is unable to sustain his or her attention on tasks or play activities.
  • Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
  • Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (e.g., loses focus, gets sidetracked).
  • Has trouble organizing his or her activities (e.g., doing things in order).
    Often avoids, dislikes, or doesn’t want to do things that take a lot of mental effort (such as schoolwork or homework).
  • Often fidgets with hands or feet, or squirms in seat excessively when sitting still is expected.
  • Often gets up from seat when remaining in seat is expected (e.g., school, church, dinner time).
  • Excessively runs around or climbs when it is not appropriate (adolescents or adults may feel very restless).
  • Is unable to play or do leisure activities quietly.
  • Is often “on the go” or acts as if “driven by a motor”.
  • Talks excessively.
  • Blurts out answers before questions have been finished, interrupts others, or intrudes.
  • Has trouble waiting his or her turn and/or is very impatient.


Note that ADHD symptoms may change as your child grows and develops. For example, young children may show more signs of hyperactive and impulsive behavior. However, as the child enters into elementary school age, he or she may struggle more with paying attention and getting distracted easily. With teens, they may experience special challenges related to social stresses including emerging sexuality, establishing independence, and peer pressure. 

How does ADHD affect the brain?

ADHD has been theorized to affect the brain in different ways. One theory with strong empirical evidence researched by Dr. Mark Rapport at the University of Central Florida is that working memory is negatively impacted, which makes it more difficult to hold and utilized a prototype when engaging with the world around us. 

For example, what mental image comes to mind when you think about a child who is “well behaved”? You have a mental representation of what that means. Under this theory, that mental representation is more difficult for people with ADHD to hold and use. In essence, the central executive, or the “supervisor” of the brain, has a hard time keeping track of what all the other parts of the brain are doing. 

Another well-researched theory suggests that adults or children with ADHD struggle to inhibit responses and that they may respond before all information has been processed. This model, developed under Dr. Russel Barkley, posits that the hyperactive subtype of ADHD is actually a disorder of impulsivity and self-control, not of attention. Put another way, individuals with hyperactive ADHD have no deficit of attention but act out of impulsivity. 

How do you test for ADHD?

A psychological battery of assessments is administered which examines several different thinking skills. This assessment can take from 2-3 hours on average and typically includes information gathering from parents, caregivers, or teachers. If you would like to schedule an assessment, please contact us. If you’d like more information on testing, please click here.

Have questions about ADHD testing or want to schedule?

Not sure about treatment? We have brief measures to assess anxiety, depression, or trauma

Rachel Creamer, Ph.D.



My name is Dr. Rachel Creamer. I specialize in providing evidenced-based care to those struggling with anxiety, depression, substance use, and trauma. Seeking therapy takes tremendous courage. You are taking the first step toward positive change. We will work together to help you reach a fulfilling and values-driven life. 


The goal of our first session is to better understand what brings you to therapy and to get to know you better. In the first session we will also talk about your goals for treatment and ways to accomplish these goals. We will also focus on learning skills to help you start making positive changes today. 


Therapy can bring about great positive change. Fostering a safe and compassionate space for clients is the foundation for allowing growth in therapy. Therapy is collaborative. While I am the expert on evidence-based treatment, you are the expert on you. We will work together on reaching your treatment goals and creating a more gratifying life. 


  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
  • Exposure Therapy
  • Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  • Couples Therapy (Gottman method)
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Nicholas James Psychologist Orlando Florida

Nicholas James, Ph.D.



My name is Nicholas James, Ph.D. I have experience working with individuals facing anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, insomnia, and caregiver strain. I focus on matching evidence-based therapies to the needs of my clients to meet their personal goals of recovery and growth.


I believe that change occurs through personal reflection, cultivating strengths and resources, and incorporating growth into everyday life. It is my goal that each session is collaborative and integrates needs, beliefs, and your background into a person-centered treatment plan.


I try to bring a genuine, humanistic atmosphere to every session. My therapeutic approach is centered in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and incorporates additional evidence-based practices to address unique needs that arise during therapy.


  • Trauma Focused
  • Exposure Response Prevention (ERP)
  • Acceptance & Commitment (ACT)
  • Behavior Modification
  • Humanistic
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI) 
  • Mindfulness-Based (MBCT)
  • Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Benson Munyan Psychologist Orlando Florida

Benson Munyan, PhD, ABPP



My name is Dr. Benson Munyan. I am a board-certified clinical psychologist. I specialize in working with those experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression, and trauma. If you are reading this, there’s a good chance you’re looking for something. Whatever the origin of your story, you are here. There is no time like the present to change our tomorrow.


From our very first session, skills are introduced, demonstrated, and assigned as practice assignments between meetings. I collaboratively set each session agenda with my clients, ensuring we have time for following up since the last session, troubleshooting any problems with skills or homework, and working on new problems or material.


Let’s be honest. Sometimes, life is hard. And sometimes, it downright sucks. There, I said it. I believe we should be able to use everyday language in therapy, and that participating in therapy as our most genuine selves empowers us to better understand the challenges we’re facing as well as potential solutions.


  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
  • Trauma-Focused Therapy
  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
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